Maj. Aaron Farmer, Chief of Infectious Disease at Womack Army Medical Center, explains the basics of the novel coronavirus strain COVID-19, from transmission to proximity risk assessment, as well as preventive measures to keep the virus from spreading.

Updates across Fort Bragg

Difference between quarantine and isolation

If you’re still unsure about the difference between quarantine vs Isolation, or what to do should you be placed in these categories, check this out. You’re not alone, it is easy to get confused with all this information floating around from many sources. We hope we have cleared it up with the below quick reference.

Why prevent the spread of COVID-19?


Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the disease caused by a new respiratory virus first seen in Wuhan Province, China in December of 2019. Since that time, it has spread globally, and cases are now occurring across the United States. We are still learning about how the virus impacts people, but available information shows it can be a serious, and even fatal illness for individuals over 60 years of age, and for those with existing health conditions that lower immunity or strain the respiratory system. While COVID-19 appears to impact younger and healthy populations less severely, we all have a responsibility to protect other members of our community.


What is quarantine?


Quarantine is a period or place of segregation in which people that may have been exposed to infectious or contagious diseases are placed. It is important, because it limits the spread of illnesses, even from those who may not know they are ill. The quarantine period for COVID-19 is fourteen days. It is important to understand that being in quarantine does not mean that someone is ill.

For the Individual. Anyone placed in quarantine or isolation will be told to avoid close contact (under six feet) with others,not share personal items, sleep in a separate bedroom, clean and sanitize surfaces, cough or sneeze into their elbow, and use a separate bathroom, if possible. They should not travel or visit public areas, nor use public transportation. They should limit interaction with pets or other animals to the extent possible. An individual in quarantine should monitor their temperature twice each day and should self-assess how they feel. If they become ill, they should contact their medical provider. They should not seek care without pre-coordinating with the medical facility, so that the medical facility can receive them appropriately.

For Family Members.Family members of someone in quarantine are not restricted from movement. They are able to leave the residence to attend school, go to the grocery store, and attend other events as they normally would. While at home, they should avoid close contact with the family member who is in quarantine, they should wash their hands regularly, and should practice cough hygiene.

What is Isolation?


Anyone placed in quarantine or isolation will be told to avoid close contact (under six feet) with others, not share personal items,sleep in a separate bedroom, clean and sanitize surfaces, cough or sneeze into their elbow, and use a separate bathroom, if possible. They should not travel or visit public areas,nor use public transportation. They should limit interaction with pets or other animals to the extent possible. An individual in quarantine should monitor their temperature twice each day and should self-assess how they feel. If they become ill, they should contact their medical provider. They should not seek care without pre-coordinating with the medical facility, so that the medical facility can receive them appropriately.

For the Individual. Anyone placed in isolation should immediately separate themselves from others. They should remain in a separate room of the residence and should not share common items or a bathroom, as much as possible. They should continue to practice sanitation practices and cough hygiene, just as they were in quarantine. However, they must make greater efforts tore main separate from others.

For Family Members. Family members of someone in isolation must make every effort to avoid close contact and must wash hands frequently. Family members of someone in isolation may then require quarantine, but that decision requires evaluation by public health.

Key COVID-19 Information Links include CDC, WHO

- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: COVID-19

- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Situation Summary for COVID-19

- Health.mil: In the Spotlight - Corona Virus

- Womack Army Medical Center: Novel Corona Virus COVID-19

- World Health Organization: Rolling Updates on Corona Virus Disease COVID-19

- Defense.gov: Corona Virus - DOD Response

COVID-19: Educational Posters

With the current state of COVID-19 (Corona Virus), below are downloadable posters for education purposes.