Federal Laws Prohibiting Discrimination in Employment:
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA) protects men and women who perform substantially equal work in the same establishment from sex-based wage discrimination.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) protects individuals who are 40 years of age of older by prohibiting age discrimination in hiring, discharge, pay, promotions, and other term and conditions of employment.
Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities in the private sector, and in state and local government.
Sections 501, 502, 504, 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 makes it illegal to discriminate against federal employees and applicants for employment based on disability. Federal agencies are required to make reasonable accommodation to the known physical or mental limitations of qualified employees or applicants with disabilities.
The Civil Rights Act of 1991 provides monetary damages in case of intentional employment discrimination.
These statues are covered by the Equal Employment Complaint Processing Regulations (29 CFR Part 1614).
For additional information on these federal laws, please go to the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission web site at: www.eeoc.gov