Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), it is illegal to discriminate in any aspect of employment, including:

  • Hiring and firing.
  • Compensation, assignment or classification of employees.
  • Transfer, promotion, layoff or recall.
  • Job advertisements.
  • Recruitment.
  • Testing.
  • Use of facilities.
  • Training and apprenticeship/upward mobility programs.
  • Fringe benefits.
  • Pay, retirement plans and disability leave.
  • Other terms and conditions of employment.

Discriminatory practices under these laws also include:

  • Harassment on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability or age.
  • Retaliation against an individual for filing a charge of discrimination, participating in an investigation, or opposing discriminatory practices. (See Reprisal Information)
  • Employment decisions based on stereotypes or assumptions about the abilities, traits, or performance of individuals of a certain sex, race, age, religion or ethnic group, or individuals with disabilities.
  • Denying employment opportunities to a person because of marriage to, or association with, an individual of a particular race, religion, national origin, or an individual with a disability. Title VII also prohibits discrimination because of participation in schools or places of worship associated with a particular racial, ethnic, or religious group.

For additional information, please visit the Discrimination by Type section created by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.