Army Corrections Command (ACC) exercises mission command of Army Correction System (ACS) facilities and assigned units IOT provide care, custody, control, and rehabilitation of U.S. military prisoners. ACC develops and administers corrections policy; plans, programs, budgets, and executes resources; provides oversight to facility design, standardization, and modernization. ACC coordinates the disposition of all prisoners to include transfers and designation, mandatory supervised release, clemency and parole, as well as the execution of condemned military prisoners. ACC provides trained I/R units, leaders, and Soldiers to conduct detainee operations ISO combatant commander requirements worldwide and executes the Secretary of the Army’s Executive Agent responsibilities for long term corrections and detainee operations.
U.S. Disciplinary Barracks Corrections Battalion
Incarcerate U.S. Military prisoners sentenced to long terms of confinement. Conduct correctional and treatment programs to maintain good order and discipline and reduce recidivism upon release; and, on order, provide trained and ready units and individual Soldiers to deploy and conduct Full Spectrum Operations.
The United States Disciplinary Barracks (USDB) is located on Fort Leavenworth, Kansas which is approximately twenty-six miles northwest of Kansas City, Missouri. It is the only maximum-security facility in the Department of Defense and the oldest penal institution in the Federal system.
On 16 January 1872, a bill submitted to Congress requested approval for a military prison. On 3 March 1873, the bill was passed to establish the first military prison at Rock Island, Illinois. The Ordnance Department and the Secretary of War lodged a strong protest against this proposed location. They stated prisoners could not be trusted to work with munitions, and security measures necessary for the operation of a prison would greatly restrict the primary mission of the munitions factory located at Rock Island. On 21 May 1874, the original bill was amended to establish the military prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, where it has been in operation since 21 May 1875.
On 5 April 1994, the Secretary of the Army made the decision to build a new USDB, with a capacity for 515 inmates. The groundbreaking ceremony was held on 12 June 1998, with a contract duration of 1,070 days. After several delays, construction was completed and keys handed over to Fort Leavenworth on
1 August 2002. The Ribbon Cutting Ceremony was held on 20 September 2002. Between 30 September and 5 October 2002, inmates were transferred from the old USDB to the present USDB. At 1322 on 5 October 2002, the last inmates were secured inside the new USDB and at 1700, the final Flag Call Ceremony was conducted at the old USDB.
Joint Regional Correctional Facility
The mission of the JRCF is to provide pre-trial confinement and post-trial incarceration for U.S. military prisoners sentenced to up to ten years of confinement. The JRCF staff conducts correctional and treatment programs in order to maintain good order and discipline and reduce recidivism upon release from confinement.
The Midwest Joint Regional Correctional Facility, or JRCF, is the newest Department of Defense correctional facility. It is a state-of-the-art housing unit built to comply with American Correctional Association Standards. It officially opened on Oct. 1, 2010 and received its first military prisoners four days later. The facility is located adjacent to the United States Disciplinary Barracks. Together they form the Military Correctional Complex at Fort Leavenworth, KS. The Military Correctional Complex is similar to a Federal Bureau of Prisons’ Federal Correctional Complex in that it clusters several distinct correctional facilities of varying security levels in one location that share services and manage efficiencies in manpower and logistics.
The JRCF staff includes a team of mental health professionals, including a psychiatrist, psychologist, social workers, and behavioral science noncommissioned officers with experience in addressing the needs of military personnel in pre- and post-trial confinement. Within the JRCF, there are six general population housing units capable of holding a total of 464 prisoners. All of the six general housing units are of the direct supervision design. The correctional specialist’s control panel is located in the housing unit common area.