Location of Pōhakuloa Training Area, Island of Hawai‘iThe United States Army Hawaii (USARHAW) conducts training at Pōhakuloa Training Area (PTA) to meet its mission of readiness.

The U.S. Government has leased approximately 23,000 acres of PTA from the state of Hawaiʻi for nearly six decades and the lease expires in August 2029. The State-owned land in PTA has been a keystone of the training area, supporting numerous facilities and capabilities that are essential to USARHAW and other military services and local agencies.

PTA is the only training area in the Pacific region where USARHAW units can complete all mission essential tasks, and the only installation in Hawaiʻi that can accommodate larger than company-sized units (i.e., battalion and brigade) for live-fire and maneuver exercises. This type of large-scale training ultimately prevents injuries and saves soldiers' lives when they are deployed to the battlefield.

Proposed Action

The Army proposes to retain up to approximately 23,000 acres of State-owned land at PTA in support of continued military training. The Army would retain the State-owned land prior to expiration of the current lease to ensure training is not interrupted. Following retention of the State-owned land, Army would continue to conduct current levels and types of military training; facility, utility and infrastructure maintenance and repair activities; and natural and cultural resources stewardship and mitigation on the State-owned land. The Army also would continue to permit and coordinate training and other activities on the State-owned land by other PTA users. The Proposed Action does not involve new training, construction, or resource management activities at PTA. Instead, it is a real estate action that would enable continued military use of the State-owned land.

Army-leased Land at PTAPurpose and Need

The purpose of the Proposed Action is to enable USARHAW to continue to conduct military training on the State-owned land within PTA to meet current and future training requirements.

The Proposed Action is needed to enable access between major parcels of U.S. Government-owned land in PTA, retain substantial Army infrastructure investments, allow for future facility and infrastructure modernization, preserve limited maneuver area, provide austere environment training, and maximize use of the impact area in support of USARHAW-coordinated training.

The EIS will evaluate the potential impacts of a variety of reasonable alternatives that meet the purpose and need of the Proposed Action. Alternatives to be analyzed in the EIS include: 1) Full Retention; 2) Modified Retention; and 3) Minimum Retention and Access. The No Action Alternative (no retention of State-owned land after 2029) also will be analyzed. Other reasonable alternatives raised during the scoping process and capable of meeting the purpose and need of the Proposed Action will be considered for evaluation in the EIS.

Public Involvement