The air base at Mihail Kogalniceau, better known as "MK," has been in use by the U.S. military since 1999. In 2003, it was one of four Romanian military facilities used by U.S. military forces as a staging area for the invasion of, and ongoing counter-insurgency efforts there. Since then, MK has become one of the main operating bases of United States Army Europe's Task Force East, a rotating task force initially to be provided by the U.S. 2nd Cavalry Regiment, now a brigade-sized force.  As of 2009, the U.S. has spent $48 million upgrading the base. In that same year, the U.S. began operating a Permanent Forward Operating Site. MK is home to the Romanian Air Force 863rd Helicopter Squadron which operates IAR-330L's. The U.S. Army 21st Theater Sustainment Command and Air Force 780th Expeditionary Airlift Squadron are responsible for U.S. operations.

 Infrastructure: BN/CO HQ, Aid Station, Morgue, Barber Shop, Barracks, Coffee Shop, Commo Bldg., DFAC, EEO, Finance, Fire & MP Station, Gym, Kabab Trailer, Laundry, MWR, PSC, PX, Religious Support, Troop Med. Center, TSC, Wash Rack.

Airfield Capabilities: Runway 11,483 feet (3,500 meters) long and 148 feet (45 meters) wide. Rotary wing through C-5 capable.

Rail Capabilities: Side-loading ramp.

Training Capabilities: Company-size maneuver training, live-fire (MPMG, Sniper, CPQC range).




The Novo Selo Training Area is a major Bulgarian military training facility established in 1962. NATO and other nations use the training area, frequently. The range has a surface area of 144 square kilometers (55.6  square miles), and is situated 45 km (28 mi) from Bezmer Air Base, and 70 km (43.5 mi) from the port of Burgas in Sliven Province, Bulgaria. The facility has designated areas and sectors for tank shooting, and nuclear, biological, and chemical defense and reconnaissance training. NATO experts and troops worldwide praise the training area's versatility. NSTA has become the favored site of annual joint US and Bulgarian exercises since 2004. The 2006 Defense Cooperation Agreement between the United States and  Bulgaria opened NSTA as a joint US-Bulgarian military base. Use by the US Army started in late 2008 with a $61 million investment in the development of new Soldier housing and other infrastructure.

Infrastructure: BN HQ, Aid Station, Barracks, Billeting, Commo Bldg, CMR, DFAC, Fire & MP Station, Fuel Point, MWR, PX, TSC, Wash Rack.

Airfield Capabilities: Single-fixed helipad with up to 5 additional landing zones (LZs) on or near the training area. Parking apron for up to five aircraft.

Rail Capabilities: Side-loading ramp.

Training Capabilities: NSTA supports live-fire and maneuver of Bradley, Abrams, and Stryker Crews, Sections, Platoons, and Companies, as well as light infantry team through company level. Also home to U.S. TC 25-8 small-arms ranges.