American Chaffseed



Habitat and Range:

  • Found in pine forests with seasonally moist sandy soils.
  • Does not grow well in shaded areas.
  • Currently found along the coastal plain of New Jersey, North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.
  • Only 72 populations are known to exist in the world, 17 are found on Fort Liberty.


  • Latin name Schwalbea americana
  • A member of the snapdragon family.
  • A non-woody plant with bright yellow-purple tubular flowers.
  • Flowers bloom from April to June.
  • Entire plant is densely covered with tiny hairs.
  • Grows 1-2 feet tall.
  • A "hemi-parasite" - receives some of its food and water from the roots of other plants.

Endangered Species Branch

(910) 396-2544

0-9125 McKellars Road

Fort Liberty, NC 28310

Hours of Operation:

800-430 pm M-F