In June 1951, the United States and Italy concluded negotiations to establish a line of  communication and supply through Italy, in support of U.S. troops stationed in Austria. The  military complex was formally dedicated to become a permanent U.S. Army facility on  November 15, 1952 and named in memory of Brigadier General William O. Darby,  Assistant Division Commander of the 10th Mountain Division, who was killed in action on  April 30, 1945 near Trento, Italy. Since its establishment, Camp Darby has served  successively as the 7656th Logistical Command, the 7617th U.S. Forces Austria Support  Command, USA Logistical Command, 8th Support Group, Area Support Team – Livorno.

Camp Darby is a small, remote installation located in the Tuscan region of central Italy  situated between the cities of Livorno and Pisa. It is a 10-minute drive from Pisa, home of  the famous Leaning Tower. Camp Darby is 60 miles (a one hour train or car ride) from the  city of Florence, home to the world-famous Uffizi Gallery and Michelangelo's masterpiece,  the statue of David.

Camp Darby's primary mission is to logistically support combat deployments that include  war reserve storage and maintenance, maintenance of weapons and vehicles and their  movement for rapid reaction and crises response operations spanning the globe.